NORWAY: KINGDOM OF FJORDS AND ICED BEAUTIES (PART1)
This country has more natural beauties than people can ever see in their lifetime …
The first thing you think of when you mention Norway is pleasant life, beautiful scenery, friendly people and incredible coldness. Located on the Scandinavian peninsula, Norway is one of the most northern countries in the world where people live .
Fortunately, Norway has a climate similar to Western European, thanks to the Gulf Stream which carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico across the Atlantic Ocean along the coast of the North European countries. Due to the mixing of warm and cold ocean currents, Norway is ideal for fishing and is the second largest exporter of seafood in the world, and among the first countries with highest quality of living standards and human rights.
One of the most famous Norwegians, the writer Henrik Ibsen, said that his land and his countrymen are most famous for the beautiful untouched nature and the world’s famous fjords, the coldness, the snow and the midnight sun. The painter Edvard Munch and the composer Edvard Grieg are just some of the artists who spread the fame of this Scandinavian country worldwide.
Norway, fifth largest by territory and among the last in Europe by population density, the country with more natural beauty than people can ever see, the country with the highest number of plant and animal species on the continent.
However, the most famous symbols of Norway are the fjords, curving sea coves with emerald color, deeply carved into the land with rivers that flow into them. They are under the protection of UNESCO. Even the Norwegians keep the treasures and beauty that they have, and the country has introduced high taxes on all sorts of vices or anything that is not in accordance with the rules of a healthy lifestyle or pollution of the environment.
About a million years ago, making their way through the mountains, huge glaciers were solvent, carrying captive rock, continued its journey to the sea. So they created the fjords, narrow and up to 1,300 meters deep sea backwaters, surrounded on three sides by 800 meters high rocky walls.
They lay deep under the sea and out to sea , and because the ice in its interior was heavy, the fjords are thicker when closer to the sea. And high above them, the impressive glaciers and glacier valleys stretch out. In Norway, there is also Europe’s largest glacier, Jostedalsbren .
The proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and several surrounding sea is the main reason for the formation of some of the most magnificent bays in the world. Also, they are “guilty ” for dispersion of the Norwegian coast. Norwegian fjords as the legends of Viking invaders says, served as a hiding place when stalking prey, the rich merchant ships.
The Vikings , the ancestors of today’s Norwegians have always been known as a highly skilled sailors who fearlessly engaged in risky adventures and difficult navigation in the toughest weather conditions. Because of their love and commitment towards sailing, the Norwegian merchant fleet is the sixth largest in the world. (Continues in part 2)